20 Strange Facts about Indian Constitution

preamble_constitution_of_india_by_omkr01-d4l9pj1_副本 When talking about national holidays in India, Republic Day and Independence Day are celebrated to denote the glory of the mother nation. Even though, they are something related to national celebrations, both these days have a lot of difference with respect to the reasons behind their celebration. Independence Day is celebrated to mark the freedom she received from foreign rule due to the great efforts of the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi and many other leaders, who contributed their precious lives for the sake of her independence. On the other hand, Republic Day is celebrated to mark the day on which the Constitution of the country came into existence. It was on this day the constitution was officially presented. What is a constitution? It is nothing, but the set of rules, by which the people of the country are governed. It clearly states how the government should work and also about the powers and duties of the government. It also guarantees and promises important rights like freedom and justice. In addition to acting as the guiding force to the government, it also states how the people should act and what should be and what should not be done by them. Generally, the constitution is higher than any other laws in any country and any laws passed should be in line with this main law. 20 strange facts about the constitution of India:

  1. The longest constitution: The constitution of this nation holds the pride of being the longest of other countries in the world with about 98 amendments, 12 schedules and 448 Articles. Each article handles different government matters. For instance, Article 16 is associated with equality of opportunities in matters related to government jobs.
  2. First meeting: The first meeting of the constituent assembly took place on the 9th of December 1946 and Dr. Sachidanand Sinha was the interim president, while Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the President in the year 1947 on the 11th of December.
  3. Road map: On the 13th of December 1946, the Objective Resolution was passed by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and this resolution acted as the guiding path towards the constitution of India.
  4. Committee Established: In the year 1947 on the 29th of August, a Committee was established for drafting the Indian constitution and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was appointed as the chairman of this committee.
  5. Constitution drafting: The strange thing here is that the drafting was done by hand and it was then calligraphed both in Hindi and in English. There was no printing or typing done.
  6. Original copy: The original copies of the handwritten document are kept in exclusive cases that are filled with helium in the library of the Indian parliament house.
  7. Good sign: On the day of signing the Indian constitution, it was raining outside and this was considered a good sign.
  8. Time taken for passing: Even though, the draft of the constitution was presented to the assembly, it took nearly a couple of years, 11 months and 17 days to pass it.
  9. Signatures: The signing of the document took place on the 24th of January 1950 and this was done by 284 members of the assembly. Even though, it was signed on 24th, it came into effect two days later on the 26th of January.
  10. Women members: The 284 members, who signed the hand-written constitution, included 15 women members as well. The constitution demands that women should also be given equal rights and this is why certain percentage of government jobs is reserved for women.
  11. Points borrowed: Some of the points essential for framing the draft were borrowed from other constitutions. For instance, the principles of Fraternity, equality and liberty were taken from the French constitution.
  12. Other borrowings: Not only from French, the concept of 5-year plan, which is still successfully followed in the nation, is taken from the USSR and the Directive principles were taken from Ireland. The law governing the Supreme Court was taken from Japan. Due to these reasons, Indian constitution is called as ‘Bag of borrowings’.
  13. The national emblem: The national emblem was adopted by the nation on the 26th of January 1950 and the symbol denotes the lion capital of Ashoka with the horse, bull and wheel.
  14.  The amendments: The Indian constitution is the one that has experienced a lot of amendments as against many other countries in the world.
  15. Big role played: The big role in creating the Indian constitution was played by Dr. Ambedkar and this master brain was the creative mind behind the idea of the uniform civil code. This means that the law would be the same for all Indians. He fought all through his life for equality of rights in the nation among all citizens.
  16. Hailed as the best: With a number of amendments, Indian constitution was hailed as the best in the world.
  17. Mahatma’s favorite song: Every year on the Republic day in India, the hymn, ‘Abide with me’ is played as it was the favorite song of the father of the nation.
  18. Three-day celebrations: In India, even though, republic day falls on the 26th of January, it is celebrated as a 3-day festival and to mark the end of the celebrations of the 29th of January each year, ‘the beating the retreat’ is conducted.
  19. Annual Republic Day Parade: To mark the importance of Republic Day, the impressive procession is held in the capital city of New Delhi every year from the Raisina Hill to the world-popular Red Fort.
  20. Celebrations: To mark the beginning of the parade, a 21-gun salute is presented each year, followed by the unfurling of the National Flag by the Indian President which is then followed by the National Anthem play.

In addition to these interesting facts about the Indian constitution, the mother nation holds a number of other prides as well. People applying for government jobs in India should be aware of the different facts about the Indian constitution to clear their competitive exams.

2 thoughts on “20 Strange Facts about Indian Constitution

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